influenza a viruses

WHO/Europe

28-6-2020Animal influenza viruses that cross the animal–human divide to infect people are considered novel to humans and therefore have the potential to become pandemic threats Consequently the International Health Regulations (2005) stipulate that Member States must report any human infection with a novel influenza virus to WHO

Influenza (flu)

04 01 2011Human influenza viruses have a preference for receptors terminating in α2 6-linked sialic acid moieties which are present on the epithelium of the human respiratory tract whereas avian influenza viruses prefer α2 3-linked sialic acids found predominantly in the avian intestinal epithelium (Figure (Figure3A 3 A and refs

Pandemic influenza preparedness Framework

influenza viruses with human pandemic potential with WHO Collaborating Centres on Influenza and WHO H5 Reference Laboratories as a contribution to assessment of pandemic risk development of pandemic vaccines updating of diagnostic reagents and test kits and surveillance for

Influenza

For instance the influenza viruses that caused the Avian Flu and the Hong Kong Flu pandemics are believed to have come from the mixing of human influenza and avian () influenza viruses in another animal such as a pig The new strain was then able to cause a much more severe illness in humans

Influenza Virus

Influenza viruses together with Thogoto-like viruses form the family Orthomyxoviridae 125 Influenza viruses are further divided into three genera influenzavirus A influenzavirus B and influenzavirus C based on antigenic differences in two major structural proteins the

Influenza – Wikipedia

1 Definition Influenzaviren gehren zur Familie der Orthomyxoviridae und rufen die Krankheit Influenza (echte Grippe) hervor 2 Morphologie Im Elektronenmikroskop stellen sich Influenzaviren als kugelige bis polymorphe behllte Viruspartikel mit einem Durchmesser von rund 80-120 nm dar In die Virushlle sind verschiedene Proteine und Glykoproteine eingelagert

Flu Symptoms Treatment Influenza Vaccine How Long

Influenza viruses fall into three types designated A B and C with influenza A types usually causing the most problems in humans Most people who get the conventional or seasonal flu recover completely in 1-2 weeks but some people develop serious and potentially life-threatening medical complications such as pneumonia The flu can make chronic health problems worse Annual influenza

Influenza and Respiratory Viruses

The Influenza and Respiratory Viruses section underTongWeis enhanced surveillance investigations and research on influenza and other respiratory pathogens as well as develops evaluates and improves new molecular techniques and reagents for early detection and identification of potential epidemic and pandemic influenza strains and other new emerging respiratory viruses

Influenza A viruses

Many influenza experts have speculated that variants of influenza A (H 5 N 1) viruses which are currently circulating in avian species throughout southeast Asia and causing severe disease and mortality in human beings have potential to cause the next influenza pandemic ref1 ref2 ref3 ref4 ref5 ref6

Epidemiological and genetic characterization of pH1N1 and

Influenza surveillance is necessary for detection of emerging variants of epidemiologic and clinical significance This study describes the epidemiology of influenza types A and B and molecular characteristics of surface glycoproteins (hemagglutinin [HA] and neuraminidase [NA]) of influenza A subtypes: pH1N1 and H3N2 circulated in Arabian Gulf Levant and North Africa regions during

GISAID

Clade and lineage nomenclature aids in genomic epidemiology of active hCoV-19 viruses Due to the naturally expanding phylogenetic diversity of hCoV-19 viruses in late February 2020 GISAID named for consistent reporting larger clades based on marker mutations within 6 high-level phylogenetic groupings from the early split of S and L to the further evolution of L into V and G and later of G

Viruses

To supplement a special edition of the journal Viruses entitled "What's New with Flu?" influenza virus researchers have worked together to generate simple educational material to communicate their science to school students Educational materials suitable for a range of ages are included from coloring exercises for younger students through to explanations of cutting-edge science in

INFLUENZA C AND INFLUENZA D VIRUSES

Influenza viruses tend to follow a cyclical pattern with a greater prevalence in winter months They are sensitive to sunlight dryness temperature and pH changes and are fairly unstable in the environment IVC is thought to exhibit slightly less seasonal variation than IVA and IVB and summer IVC infections in humans do occur Further anti-IVC antibodies have been detected in swine in

Viruses and Evolution

Influenza Viruses Influenza viruses are simple entities belonging to one of three types: A B or C They consist of no more than seven or eight RNA segments enclosed within an envelope of proteins Mutations in viral RNA and recombinations of RNA from different sources lead to viral evolution

Antigenic and Genetic Characteristics of Swine

Influenza pandemics occur when an influenza virus with a hemagglutinin (HA) against which there is little or no existing immunity emerges in the human population and efficiently transmits from human to human The genomes of the last three pandemic influenza viruses (1918 H1N1 1957 H2N2 and 1968 H3N2) all originated in whole or in part from nonhuman reservoirs and the HA genes of all of the

Understanding Influenza Viruses

Influenza A viruses also are found in many different animals including ducks chickens pigs whales horses and seals Antigenic Characterization of Influenza Viruses "Antigens" are molecular structures on the surface of viruses that are recognized by the immune system and are capable of triggering an immune response (antibody production)

Influenza

AVIAN INFLUENZA Avian influenza — known informally as avian flu or flu — refers to influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds Of the greatest concern is highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) flu is a phrase similar to swine flu dog flu horse flu or human flu in that it refers to an illness caused by any of many different strains of influenza viruses that have

Epidemiological and genetic characterization of pH1N1 and

Influenza surveillance is necessary for detection of emerging variants of epidemiologic and clinical significance This study describes the epidemiology of influenza types A and B and molecular characteristics of surface glycoproteins (hemagglutinin [HA] and neuraminidase [NA]) of influenza A subtypes: pH1N1 and H3N2 circulated in Arabian Gulf Levant and North Africa regions during

Influenza and Viruses

Additionally influenza such as the H1N1 pandemic H3N2v in the United States Zika Virus and others have reemphasized the need for disease control prevention and preparedness The downloadable section includes a variety of resources related to viruses and diseases which may assist providers and suppliers in their planning and preparedness

Conocer los virus de la influenza

Los virus de influenza tipo A pueden dividirse en diferentes subtipos dependiendo de los genes que constituyen las protenas de superficie Durante el transcurso de la temporada de influenza hay circulacin de los diferentes tipos (A y B) y subtipos (influenza A) que provocan enfermedades

Influenza

AVIAN INFLUENZA Avian influenza — known informally as avian flu or flu — refers to influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds Of the greatest concern is highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) flu is a phrase similar to swine flu dog flu horse flu or human flu in that it refers to an illness caused by any of many different strains of influenza viruses that have

Flu News Europe

Of the influenza A viruses both influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H3N2) co-circulated Of the circulating B viruses the vast majority belonged to the B/Victoria lineage The percentage of specimens testing positive for an influenza virus from patients who presented with ILI or ARI to sentinel primary healthcare sites dropped below 10% in week 13/2020 where it has since remained

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